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2 edition of Methane sulphonic acid as a tracer for non sea salt sulphate found in the catalog.

Methane sulphonic acid as a tracer for non sea salt sulphate

Paul Ajiboye

Methane sulphonic acid as a tracer for non sea salt sulphate

implications for global climate regulation.

by Paul Ajiboye

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Published by Oxford Brookes University in Oxford .
Written in English


Edition Notes

Thesis (M.Phil.) - Oxford Brookes University, Oxford, 1999.

ContributionsOxford Brookes University.
The Physical Object
Paginationix, 256p.
Number of Pages256
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL19164699M

Unfortunately, this book can't be printed from the OpenBook. If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF. Visit to get more information about this book, to buy it in print, or to download it as a free PDF. Below is the uncorrected machine-read text. The book is also sufficiently comprehensive that it will serve as a useful reference for both atmospheric chemistry and dynamics.’ T. Warner Source: Applied Mechanical Review ‘ thoroughly recommended for those seeking a detailed treatise on the methodology of numerical modelling of atmospheric physical and chemical processes.’.

The uptake of HNO3 to deliquescent airborne sea-salt particles (RH = 55%, P = torr, T = K) at concentrations from 2 to ppbv is measured in an aerosol flow tube using Sulfate Ion, SO 4 Acid Equilibria. SO 4 2-(aq)+ H 2 O(l) HSO 4-(aq) + OH-(aq) K b = 1 x HSO 4-(aq) + H 2 O(l) H 2 SO 4 (aq) + OH-(aq) K b = 1 x Sulfate ion is a very weak base, while HSO 4-is a fairly strong acid, with K a = On the other hand, H 2 SO 4 is a very strong acid. Because it is such a weak base, sulfate ion undergoes negligible hydrolysis in.

Acid rock drainage from the Berkeley Pit in Butte, Montana was tested to find an efficient method for sulfate removal. Sulfate concentrations as low as 4 mg/L were obtained in treated water, with higher concentrations measured when using lower reagent dosages and/or shorter residence times (Table 1). Sodium 2-hydroxyethyl sulfonate (also: sodium isethionate) is the sodium salt of 2-hydroxyethane sulfonic acid (isethionic acid), it is used as hydrophilic head group in washing-active surfactants, known as isethionates (acyloxyethanesulfonates) due to its .


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Methane sulphonic acid as a tracer for non sea salt sulphate by Paul Ajiboye Download PDF EPUB FB2

Notice: Except where noted, spectra from this collection were measured on dispersive instruments, often in carefully selected solvents, and hence may differ in detail from measurements on FTIR instruments or in other chemical environments.

More information on the manner in which spectra in this collection were collected can be found here. Notice: Concentration information is not available for.

Multiple‐year time series of the weight ratio R of methane sulfonic acid (MSA) to non‐sea‐salt sulfate (nss SO 4) in aerosols collected at three coastal Antarctic stations Neumayer (70°39′S, 8°15′W), Halley (75°35′S, 26°19′W), and Dumont D'Urville (66°40′S, °1′E) are presented here.

Discarding the November to October time period, during which the Antarctic atmosphere is thought to Cited by: acid (CH3SO3H or MSA) and non-sea-salt sulfate (nss-SO) within the aerosols.

Methanesulfonate (CH3SO-3), anion component of MSA, was detected in the fine aerosol particles less than *m in diameter. In general, the CH3SO-3 concentrations increased with decreasing air temperature, while. MSA undergoes biodegradation by forming CO 2 and sulphate.

It is considered a green acid as it is less toxic and corrosive in comparison to mineral acids.1 The aqueous MSA solution has been considered a model electrolyte for electrochemical processes. Biogenic Sulphur Emissions and Inferred Non-Sea-Salt Sulphate Cloud Condensation Nuclei in and Around Antarctica June Journal of Geophysical Research Atmospheres (11D) 1.

Introduction. Methanesulfonic acid (MSA, see inset in figure 1 for the structure) is a molecule of interest particularly in atmospheric chemistry due to its formation by oxidation of dimethylsulfide (DMS, mainly produced by marine biota []) in the geochemical sulfur gh DMS accounts for less than 10% of the total non-sea-salt mass of aerosol sulfur, it is the only known source of.

Direct sulfonation of methane with SO 3 to methanesulfonic acid (MSA) is accomplished in sulfuric acid with almost % selectivity in the presence of a catalyst, namely, Ce and Rh salts and molecular oxygen as the catalyst regenerator.

In the absence of O 2, the catalyst remains effective but the selectivity to MSA decreases to 53% and byproducts, principally CH 3 OSO 3 H, are formed. Salts; Solvents; Stable Isotopes match found for methane sulphonic acid. Advanced Search | Structure Search.

Methane sulfonic acid-d. 1 Product Result Structure Search. Methane sulfonic acid-d. 1 Product Result | Match Criteria: Keyword Linear Formula: CH 3 SO 2 OD.

Molecular Weight: CAS Number: Aerosol concentrations of methanesulphonic acid (MSA), dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO), dimethyl sulphone (DMSO 2) and major anions have been measured from landbased stations (principally Plymouth, Devon, U.K.) and various shipboard stations in the North Sea and North Atlantic l samples collected between July and July are analyzed both in terms of.

Quantitative determination of arylsulfonic acids and salts by alkali fusion. Analytical Chemistry41 (11), DOI: /aca Arthur F.

Isbell and Donald T. Sawyer. Gas-solid chromatography with salt-modified porous silica beads. A process for preparing methanesulfonic acid by irradiating a mixture comprising acetic acid, sulfur dioxide and oxygen with light, wherein the reaction mixture is irradiated with an average cumulative irradiance in the range from to mm of from to 50 mmol quanta/cm 2 h at the light entry area.

Here, we present S mass concentrations from both non-sea-salt sulphate aerosol (nssSO 4) mass in the PM 10 category and from gaseous SO 2 mass (see Supplementary Information for measurement methods). [24] Fine fraction non‐sea salt sulphate concentrations in clean marine air varied in the range – μg m −3, reaching a maximum of 17 μg m −3 in polluted easterly air masses.

These data show that for unpolluted air was only present at Mace Head prior to JD, and that continental aerosol contributed to excess sulphate on all.

Hazard classification & labelling Hazard classification and labelling. The ‘Hazard classification and labelling’ section shows the hazards of a substance based on the standardised system of statements and pictograms established under the CLP (Classification Labelling and Packaging) Regulation.

The CLP Regulation makes sure that the hazards presented by chemicals are clearly communicated to. For example, aniline–p-sulphonic acid, better known as sulphanilic acid, is soluble in hot water but not in most organic solvents. It decomposes at about °C with carbonization but does not melt.

Methanesulfonic acid (MSA), the simplest alkanesulfonic acid, is a hygroscopic colorless liquid or white solid, depending on whether the ambient temperature is greater or less than 20 ºC.

It is very soluble in water and oxygenated solvents, but sparingly soluble in most hydrocarbons. In aqueous solution, it is a strong acid (completely ionized). Uses. In the form of salt cake sodium sulphate is used in making wood pulp by the sulphate process, plate glass, window glass, and bottles, water glass, sodium sulphide, and precipitated barium sul­ phate (blanc fixe).

One of the early patents for ore flotation by the Delprat process was based on the use of acid and salt. The gas phase reaction between methane sulfonic acid (CH3SO3H; MSA) and the hydroxyl radical (HO), without and with a water molecule, was investigated with DFT-B3LYP and CCSD(T)-F12 methods.

For the bare reaction we have found two reaction mechanisms, involving proton coupled electron transfer and hydrogen atom transfer processes that produce. A sulfonic acid (or sulphonic acid) refers to a member of the class of organosulfur compounds with the general formula R−S(=O) 2 −OH, where R is an organic alkyl or aryl group and the S(=O) 2 (OH) group a sulfonyl hydroxide.

As a substituent, it is known as a sulfo group.A sulfonic acid can be thought of as sulfuric acid with one hydroxyl group replaced by an organic substituent. Methanesulfonic acid is used as an acid catalyst in organic reactions because it is a non-volatile, strong. Sulfonic acid, sulfonic also spelled sulphonic, any of a class of organic acids containing sulfur and having the general formula RSO 3 H, in which R is an organic combining sulfonic acids are among the most important of the organosulfur compounds; the free acids are widely used as catalysts in organic syntheses, while the salts and other derivatives form the basis of the manufacture.

The – Laki eruption provides a natural experiment to evaluate the performance of chemistry-transport models in predicting the health impact of air particulate pollution. There are few. This is similar to a previous video I made where I made sulfuric acid from copper sulfate, though using a sulfate salt where the cation has a higher reduction potential than hydrogen makes the.